Strap: Experts discuss its pros and cons at Pushpa Gujral Science City
Tribune press service
Jalandhar, July 11
A conference was organized on the occasion of World Population Day by the Science City of Pushpa Gujral on “World population problems and their impact on the environment”. About 100 students from schools and colleges participated in the event in virtual mode. The theme of this year’s event is “The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on fertility”. Under the same theme, the question “Rights and choices are the answer: whether it is a baby boom or a collapse, the solution to changing fertility rates is to prioritize reproductive health and rights for all ”is currently being debated globally. The United Nations sent UNFPA (United Nations Fund for Population Activities, now known as the United Nations Population Fund) and a population division to plan programs to highlight and disseminate information on population issues.
Dr Neelima Jerath, CEO of Science City, in her introductory remarks on the occasion, said population growth has both negative and positive impacts on society. Considering that on the one hand, the demographic explosion can lead to an overexploitation of resources, create a shortage of resources for present and future generations, affect the age structure of a country, lead to local and international migration and cause economic inequalities thus compromising sustainability; however, on the other hand, it can provide a country with a large workforce that can help increase its commercial output and productivity, innovation potential, tax base and consumer spending, thereby creating a boost for the economy. Low population growth in high-income countries can create social and economic problems, while high population growth in low-income countries can slow their development.
However, it is widely accepted that population growth constantly acts as an obstacle to effectively tackle the problem of poverty, hunger and malnutrition and to provide better quality health and education, with limited resources. . Covid-19 has accentuated these challenges and also raised concerns about the on-time achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is therefore important to understand that in order to have a better future for all on a healthy planet, achieving the SDGs is essential. Therefore, providing adequate education and training to a large population of young people would ensure that they are productive, efficient and competent, thus revealing themselves as key contributors to the achievement of these SDGs.
Dr Parmil Kumar, Associate Professor, Department of Statistics, University of Jammu, was the keynote speaker on the occasion. During his speech, he said that the main objective of celebrating this day is to raise awareness of world population issues and their impact on the environment, natural resources and human beings.
Dr Rajesh Grover, director of Science City, said overpopulation was a critical problem given the depletion of the world’s resources at an unsustainable rate.